Educational Game Definition
What Are Educational Games?
Educational games embed learning materials within a game to allow the presentation of learning/information in a fun, interactive way and facilitate learning through play, rather than just studying. They can either be loosely designed to impart knowledge, facilitate the practicing of a skill, encourage critical thinking or to increase awareness around social issues.
They can be designed specifically around formal education subjects, including age groups and curriculums (e.g. maths based educational games for kids), or around broader subjects and themes. Learning can either be the main focus of an educational game, or they can contain secondary educational elements.
They can take the form of anything from a simple quiz to complex role playing games a virtual worlds.
It could be argued that all games provide some educational value. Just some of the ways regular, just-for-fun games can help with learning and development are familiarising players with geography, maths, logical problem solving, management and developing hand-eye coordination.
Learning With Traditional Physical Games
In the real world, traditional physical games (such as board games and card games) have long had educational elements intrinsically embedded in them, from Monopoly to quiz based board games such as Trivial Pursuit.
Educational Video Games
Since the advent of affordable personal microcomputers in the 1980s simple educational video games have been created. Until the creation of the World Wide Web at the end of the 1990s all games were created and delivered as computer specific software, delivered on the same media formats as other computer programs (e.g. cassette tape, floppy disc, CD-ROM). These were often commercial educational games for kids to school curriculum, or more broad programs that helped subjects such as geography, or quizzes.
History of Educational Games
Educational games for kids first started to become popular around the 1980's, often being used on personal computers in schools, to help kids learn academic subjects.
Early game based learning was predominantly text based with only minimal, if any, multimedia content (visuals and sound). Much as with all video games and multimedia content, this was largely due to technical constraints associated with the computers of the time.
As computer capabilities developed and time passed, production values began to catch up with regular video games to some degree, by incorporating more complex visuals, sound and interaction to enhance the experience.
Since the 1990s educational content delivered via the web browser has become more prominent. This was largely brought about by the explosion of web based games initiated by Macromedia Flash technology.
Modern educational video games don't necessarilty have to be for kids or relate to some academic curriculum either. Many are created around broader themes and designed for adults too.
Raising Awareness of Social Issues With Educational Games
As well as academic learning, games can be a useful tool to educate the wider public about social and environmental issues. This can be anything from pollution, recycling and global warming to the effects of war, illness, depression and homelessness.
Using Educational Games to Drive Brand Engagement
It's possible for digital interactive marketing content, including games, to include educational elements to drive engagement around a brand. For instance historic or architecturally significant attractions sometimes use educational content around their history to increase engagement on their website and ultimately drive interest in the attraction itself.
Education/marketing crossover can also occur when a business wants to educate potential customers about the features and benefits of a product. This can take the form of pushing information around the product and the problems it solves or virtual product demonstrations facilitated by educational digital interactive content and games.
Offline and Online Educational Games
By the mid to late 1990s Macromedia Flash began to provide a viable platform for creating complex interactive multimedia content for use in the web browser. This began to allow educational interactive games to be created and deployed on the web, rather than as offline computer software applications.
More recently HTML5 has become the development platform of choice for online multimedia content, simply because it is compatible with modern mobile devices as well as desktop computers. In fact, the advent of HTML5 and increased use of smartphones and tablets as primary device for casual consumption of web based content and to play games, has brought about the virtual obsolescence of Flash. In fact Flash is due to be wound down and discontinued as a web based deployment platform at the end of 2020.
Devices Used to Play Educational Games
The first educational video games were played on personal microcomputers of the time because these were the main devices available for home use and in schools. With the reduced screen time spent on computers now and a plethora of more convenient devices available for consuming digital content on the go, the shift has moved away from using desktop computers to play educational games somewhat.
Tablets and mobile devices are now seen as integral to education (particularly for younger children). This has opened up a whole avenue for a big part of younger children's learning development being centred around apps and web based interactive educational materials, predominantly played on tablets.
Interactive Game Kiosks
Educational computer games are being used more and more in physical installations e.g. in museums, in addition to their online presence, to provide an much more engaging way of getting across information.
Who Are Educational Games Suitable For?
Despite what you might think, video games aren't predominantly the realm of children. The majority of people who play video games for fun are adults and the average gamer is in their 30’s. This means educational games can have broad appeal and be suitable for more serious, business related applications for adults, as well as educating kids through play.
Educational Games for Kids
Digital educational games were initially mostly designed for kids, taking in subjects like maths and tied to a particular subject or curriculum. For instance, maths games tend to be a more interactive, visual representation of popular scenario problems you'd get in maths tests for kids, e.g. buying, giving change, etc.
Games can also be a great way for parents to get involved with their child's learning.
Educational Games for Adults
Traditional core learning subjects, for instance math, geography, history, may be of interest to adults too and educational games can be played by parents with their children.
Crossover With Serious & Business Games & Simulations
When it comes to games for adult learners though, these tend to be used more in the business training world.
There is also some crossover between what are seen as educational/business training games and simulations. Simulations vary greatly in complexity and at the top end fall outside of what most people would consider a "game", although they are really just a more complex version of the same thing. They are extensively used in training for a range of skills, everything from health and medicine to flight training for the military.
Management simulations can help with planning/management and get players thinking about the short-term and long-term effects of their decisions. These can be based in the business world or in other areas.
Development of Educational Games
Learning Management Systems
Modern educational games, particularly custom commissioned e-Learning games sometimes integrate with off the shelf Learning Management Systems (LMS). Learning Management Systems are a backend piece of software that help facilitate delivery, administration, tracking and reporting relating to game outcomes and users.